Patent 6978033 - Microphone gasket with integrated acoustic resistance
|United States Patent||Patent Number 6,978,033|
|Moquin , et al.||Issued December 20, 2005|
Microphone gasket with integrated acoustic resistance
An acoustically resistive membrane is incorporated into a gasket construction for use with a microphone. Preferably, a molded thermoplastic gasket is provided with an integrated acoustically resistive element in the form of a thin perforated membrane that is molded into the gasket at an appropriate location for optimum acoustic performance.
|Inventors:||Moquin; Philippe (Kanata, CA), Dedieu; Stephane (Ottawa, CA)|
Mitel Networks Corporation
|Filed:||February 19, 2002|
|Feb 20, 2001 [GB]||0104084|
|Current U.S. Class:||381/355 - 381/358|
|Current CPC Class:||H04M 1/03 (20130101)|
|Current International Class:||H04R0011/04 ()|
|Field of Search:||;381/355,361,357,358,359,360,368,365,356,362,363,364,370,375,379,430 ;379/433.03,428,429,428.01,430 ;181/185|
|4263484||April 1981||Hisatsune et al.|
|4796288||January 1989||Busche et al.|
|0 276 996||Mar 1988||EP|
|0 973 355||Jan 2000||EP|
|2 064 265||Jun 1981||GB|
|2 232 322||Dec 1990||GB|
|2 354 393||Sep 1999||GB|
|2 354 393||Mar 2001||GB|
|WO 98/20660||May 1998||WO|
Assistant Examiner:Brian Ensey
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
What is claimed is:
1. A gasket for use with a microphone, comprising: at least one tube, wherein said tube is approximately 15 mm in length to provide a 4000 Hz cut-off frequency and to provide significant electrostatic discharge protection, for receiving said microphone and for directing sound thereto, said tube giving rise to a characteristic acoustical response for said microphone; and a perforated membrane within said tube and integrally moulded therewith for modifying the acoustical response of said microphone.
2. A gasket for use with a microphone, comprising: at least one tube for receiving said microphone and for directing sound thereto, said tube giving rise to a characteristic acoustical response for said microphone; and a membrane within said tube and integrally moulded therewith for modifying the acoustical response of said microphone, wherein said membrane is approximately 2.5 mm in diameter and 0.5 mm thick, and is perforated with nine square holes of 0.25 mm which are evenly distributed across said membrane.
3. The gasket of claim 1, wherein the perforated membrane has an acoustical resistance and the perforated membrane is configured wherein the modification of the acoustical response is configured to damp the resonance inherent in the tube construction.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates in general to microphones, and more specifically to a microphone gasket with integrated acoustic resistance.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
In many electronic appliances (e.g. telephones, answering machines, audio cassette and mini-disc recorders, etc.) integrated microphones are provided to capture acoustic signals. Generally, electret microphones are used because of their low cost and good performance. A microphone gasket or boot is usually used to isolate the microphone from the structure of the appliance and to couple the sound effectively to the microphone. The construction of such microphone gaskets ranges from very simple (e.g. a tube) to very complicated (e.g. multi-part arrangements such as found in high quality telephone handsets).
In simpler designs, a cloth facing is often used to damp the tube resonances that develop in some microphones. More complex designs utilise a piece of fabric with desired acoustical resistance mounted to a part that is inserted in the appropriate place to provide the desired acoustical damping. In some other designs, reticulated (i.e. open cell) foam is used to provide the acoustical damping.
Some lower cost microphones are fabricated without any cloth facing while other microphones incorporate a cloth facing that provides virtually no acoustical damping. When either of such microphones are used, a complex gasket must be added which incorporates a suitable acoustical damping material or else the acoustical performance will suffer.
One further problem with prior art designs is that in order to obtain repeatable acoustical responses using a fabric, foam or other acoustically resistive material the manufacturing process must be very tightly controlled. This adds to the expense of the microphone and ultimately the appliance in which the microphone is used (e.g. telephone set, answering machine, etc.).
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
According to the present invention, microphone gasket or boot is provided with an integrated acoustic resistance for modifying the acoustical response of the microphone. Preferably, a moulded thermoplastic gasket is provided with an integrated acoustically resistive element in the form of a thin perforated membrane that is moulded into the gasket at an appropriate location.
In a simple tube gasket embodiment where a resistive element is used to replace a cloth that would otherwise adhere to the microphone face, the membrane is placed at the end of the tube very close to the microphone face.
In an embodiment where the acoustical response of the microphone must be shaped by the structure between the microphone and the exterior of the appliance (e.g. telephone set) a series of tubes are provided, each with a membrane at the appropriate location. The specific location of the membrane may be selected using techniques well known to an acoustician that is versed in the art of micro-acoustics.
Since the membrane is not strictly rigid (i.e. it is moulded from thermoplastic) and the perforations are tapered to accommodate the moulding process, the acoustic resistance of a particular membrane can be difficult to predict theoretically. However, the acoustical behaviour of the small perforations in the thin plate membranes may be predicted according to the techniques set forth in M. R. Stinson and E. A. G. Shaw (1985), "Acoustic impedance of small, circular orifices in thin plates", J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 77, 2039-2042).
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1A is a cross sectional view of a gasket designed in accordance with the preferred embodiment;
FIG. 1B is a cross sectional view along the line B--B in FIG. 1;
FIG. 2 is a graph showing the acoustical response of a prior art microphone gasket without perforated membrane;
FIG. 3 is a graph showing the acoustical response of a microphone gasket with integrated acoustical resistance having different size holes, in accordance with the preferred embodiment of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 4 is a graph showing the acoustical response of a prior art microphone gasket with only a cloth microphone covering.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
FIGS. 1A and 1B show a simple tube gasket designed in accordance with the preferred embodiment, for coupling sound into a hands free microphone for a telephone set. The gasket  has a tube  along which sound travels to the microphone . The length of the tube  is chosen to provide a 4000 Hz cut-off frequency and to provide significant electrostatic discharge protection. Using the rule of thumb of 1 KV of protection per millimeter, the tube is 15 mm long. It is customary in gasket designs of the form shown generally in FIG. 1 for the manufacturer to provide a simple cloth facing for the microphone. However, for the reasons discussed above such cloth facings are often unsuitable. Therefore, in accordance with the present invention, a thin perforated membrane  is moulded into the gasket  as an integral part thereof for providing the required acoustical resistance to damp the resonance inherent in the tube construction. According to the preferred embodiment, nine square holes of 0.25 mm were evenly distributed throughout the 2.5 mm diameter, 0.5 mm thick membrane. Stinson and Shaw verified the following equation for predicting the acoustical impedance of thin perforated plates: ##EQU1##
As the holes of the preferred embodiment are in parallel, multiple holes reduce the impedance correspondingly. It will be understood however, that the above equations can only be used as a rough guide since the holes used were square and tapered and the membrane was not perfectly rigid.
FIG. 2 illustrates the response of a microphone constructed without the perforated membrane  of the present invention. FIG. 3 illustrates the acoustical response of a microphone constructed using the perforated membrane , for different sizes of perforations (0.40 mm, 0.35 mm, 0.30 mm, and 0.25 mm). The 9 dB broad resonance centred at 2500 Hz seen in FIG. 2 is greatly reduced or suppressed in FIG. 3, as well as being shifted in frequency and widened. FIG. 4 shows that a similar acoustic effect can be obtained by providing a cloth facing to the microphone, however without providing as much design flexibility.
It will be appreciated that, although an embodiment of the invention has been described and illustrated in detail, various changes and modifications may be made. For example, the acoustically resistive membrane or screen  may be placed at any suitable location within the gasket construction. If the gasket  consists of a series of tubes , then the respective membranes  may be positioned to provide the best acoustical advantage.
Other possible applications of the present invention include the design of hearing aids that use an ear mould and a tube, or headsets that have a boom microphone similar to U.S. Pat. No. 4,349,082.
All of the forgoing changes, modifications and applications may be made without departing from the sphere and scope of the invention as defined by the claims appended hereto.
The PDF for this patent has not yet been downloaded.
If you would like to download it please click the 'Retrieve PDF' button at the top of your screen